*Photo used by permission courtesy of the Pittman Family
Size: The Alapaha was bred mainly for catching live-stock. A medium sized dog has been proven to be most effective for this task. Height and weight should be in proportion.
Males - 20 to 24 inches at the withers and weigh from 70 to 90 lbs.
Females - 18 to 22 inches at the withers, 55 to 75 lbs.
Head: The overall head is box-shaped medium in length and broad across the skull with pronounced muscular cheeks. The top of the skull is flat, but covered with powerful muscles; there should be a distinct furrow between the eyes. There should be an abrupt, deep stop.
Eyes: Medium in size and of any color. The haw should not be visible. Black eye rims preferred on white dogs.
Muzzle: Medium length (2 to 4 in.), square and broad with a strong under jaw. Lips should be full but not pendulous, 36 to 42 teeth. [A definite undershot, 1/8 to 1/4 inch preferred. Scissors or even bite is a disqualification.
Nose color: Black or liver. On black nosed dogs the lips should be black with some pink allowed. 50% or more light pigment is considered a fault.
Ears: V-shaped, or folded back, set on wide and high, giving a square appearance to the skull. They should be small and the point of the ear should be level with the eye when alert. Rose ears to be penalized. Cropped ears are not permissible in the show ring.
Neck: Muscular, medium in length, slightly arched, tapering from shoulders to head, with a slight dewlap allowed. It must be long enough to apply leverage, short enough to exert power and strong enough to do the job.
Shoulders: Very muscular with wide sloping blades; set so elbows are not bowed out.
Body: Square, robust and powerful. The Alapaha is a broad, wide dog, but this width should not be exaggerated. The chest should be deep with a good spring of ribs. The back should be of medium length, strong, broad and powerful. Loins should be slightly tucked which corresponds to a slight roach in the back which slopes to the stern.
Faults: Swayed back, narrow or shallow chest, lack of tuck up.
Hindquarters: Very broad and well muscled and in proportion to the shoulders. Narrow hips are a very serious fault.
Legs: Strong and straight with heavy bone. Front legs should not set close together nor far apart.
Faults: Excessively bowed in or out at the elbows. Rear legs should have visible angulations of the stifle.
Feet: Of moderate size, toes of medium length, well arched and close together, not splayed. Pasterns should be strong, straight and upright.
Tail: The tail should be long enough to reach the hocks tapering to a point. It should be moderately thick and as an extension of the spine, it should be powerful. The tail should not curl over the back. Docked tails are not permissible in the show ring.
Coat: Short, close, glossy and stiff to the touch.
Color: The preferred color pattern is at least 50 percent white with patches of color. A predominately colored dog with areas of white is next in order of preference. The colored patches may be any shade of merle or brindle, solid blue, black, chocolate, red or fawn. All white dogs are acceptable but not preferred.
The Alapaha Blue-Blood Bulldog's origin is somewhat undocumented and unverifiable before 1979. Authorities differ so completely about the origin of the Alapaha that the name itself is in dispute. However, the Alapaha is one of the few breeds that are emblematic of this storied Nation and there is little doubt that a species resembling the Alapaha has existed for over two hundred years in the Southern enclaves.
The Alapaha is believed to have its origin in a recently extinct species known as the Mountain Bulldog, Old Southern White and Old Country (Big) Bulldog. These dogs were first brought to America in the early 18th century. It, unlike its "English" counterpart, was continuously bred for utility and stamina, whether it be guard work, farm work, or as a family companion. Despite their proven worth in many areas and ability to reproduce type with reliability these strains of bulldogs survived mainly in small pockets of the south, never being accepted in to the show dog circles.
These Bulldogs were extensively used in the development of many breeds like the American Pit Bull Terrier, Black Mouth Cur and Catahoula Leopard Dog. Remember, being mostly a European dog the original bulldog was acclimated to a much cooler climate than the rural southern United States.
This established strain of dog has resulted from the generations old breeding programs of several people namely Papa Buck Lane and William Chester of Georgia and Cecil Evans and Kenny Houston of Florida. The breed has been known by a series of names such as Otto, Cow Dog, Silver Dollar, and Catahoula Bulldog. Set about to perpetuate the breed and to establish a standard in which to breed from.
Thankyou to Fort Glory for providing this information and allowing us to use it! Please visit them at www.fortglory.com